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Human Rights Due diligence

Due diligence

We have mechanisms that facilitate the prevention of potential human rights impacts caused by our activities or our commercial relationships.

Due diligence is the process that we use to asses the real or potential impacts of our activity on human rights so as to propose prevention or remediation measures for negative impacts and to maximize positive impacts. 

How the process is carried out

Since 2011 we have had an internal regulation on assessing environmental, social, and health impacts, applicable world-wide, which includes human rights as part of the impact assessment process to ensure that human rights risks are identified from the design phase of our projects until they are dismantled. 

The scope of this regulation includes the human rights set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and the principles regarding rights established in the International Labor Organization’s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and the eight Fundamental Conventions that implement them. 

In 2014 we developed an internal guide to support the units that carry out impact assessments to facilitate the integration of human rights aspects into their activities. 

1. Methodology for assessing human rights impacts
  • Preliminary analysis of the context and project 
  • Definition of the scope of the assessment 
  • Social baseline: 
    • Definition of the scope of study and information analysis. 
    • Identification and selection of the main human rights in the context of the project. 
    • Gaps identified.
    • Field work.
  • Identification of impacts on human rights: 
    • Definition of impacts on human rights. 
    • Matrix of impacts on human rights. 
    • Impact assessment. 
    • Magnitude of the impact.
    • Probability of the impact.  
  • Mitigation of impacts 
  • Monitoring impacts 
  • Communication of the results of the impact assessment process 
2. Follow-up for mitigation and monitoring actions 
3. Coordination of the work team and decision on integrated or independent human rights impact assessment.

Tools: Specific issues that would merit a detailed study, checklist, minimum content for defining the scope of the impact assessment, content of the social baseline, list of human rights, list of gaps, site visit and consultation plan, impacts on human rights, example of an impact matrix, and scope