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Climate change

Key role of natural gas

Natural gas, a leading role in the energy transition

Natural gas, at the heart of the energy transition

We support the use of natural gas as an essential fuel for generating electricity in the move to a low-emissions economy.

A more sustainable energy solution

  • Reducimos nuestros residuos
    This fossil fuel has the lowest environmental impact.
  • It produces half as much CO2 emissions as coal.

    It emits half as much CO2 as coal.

  • It will play a key role in reducing GHGs, especially in generating electricity.

    It will play a key role in reducing GHGs, especially in generating electricity.

1. Energy transition

Currently, 42% of global emissions come from the electricity sector and coal is responsible for approximately two-thirds of them. Replacing coal with natural gas would reduce the sector’s emissions by one-third.

2. Gas as our forward-looking commitment

We drew up the company's 2016–2020 Strategic Plan for a low-emissions world. Our obvious emphasis on using natural gas as a fuel is a clear demonstration of our belief that it is the most efficient solution for bringing about a structured transition to a low-emissions future.

Repsol is in a good position compared to its competitors: our exploration and production portfolio is moving toward a higher percentage of gas than oil.

  • Our portfolio of gas production assets currently accounts for 65% of our production and 75% of our reserves.

  • Reducing methane emissions, an opportunity to mitigate GHGs.

Natural gas must play an immediate, key role in reducing fossil fuel emissions. However, the key to achieve this lies in reducing the methane emissions associated with production as their global warming potential is 25 times greater than CO2 over a period of 100 years.

According to the International Energy Agency, reducing methane emissions in our sector’s activities is one of the five main global opportunities for mitigating greenhouse gases in order to meet the ambitious 2ºC target.

  • We carry out leak detection and repair campaigns: LDAR programs.
Regardless of the geographic location of our operations and the specific legislation in each country, we carry out regular leak detection and repair campaigns at our gas production facilities and continue to seek new opportunities to further reduce emissions.
Climate & Clean Air Coalition
  • We join forces to reduce methane emissions

As part of our commitment, we have joined the UN Environment Climate & Clean Air Coalition – Oil & Gas Methane Partnership. As part of this initiative, we are implementing methane emissions reduction projects in coordination with other companies, institutions, and governments. We want to break down barriers and find technically and economically viable solutions.